In addition, lack of proper infrastructure makes it difficult for goods and services to be transported across long distances in Africa. This is often done on roads that are very bad. Delays occur as well as a higher chance of spoilage. In addition, there is political instability. Affected areas can become less desirable destinations which results in less activity among countries near them.
In conclusion, the reasons why African countries tend to gravitate towards trading with Europe & America rather than amongst themselves include disparities in terms of economic development, inadequate infrastructure and political instability which can all lead to reduced levels of intra-regional commerce hindering growth prospects over time.