1. In order to maximize the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapies (ART), HIV/AIDS patients need to assess and monitor regularly their nutritional state. The information collected includes detailed data on the patient’s dietary intake and alcohol consumption, as well as their current medication, supplements, and physical activity.
2. Diet Modification: The individual should focus on eating a healthy diet, rich in minerals and vitamins, from sources like fruits, vegetables and grains. For people with HIV/AIDS, it is also recommended that they limit processed foods that are high in sugar or saturated fat.
3. Healthy Lifestyle: Individuals should develop healthy lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and adequate sleep. They can also reduce stress to manage their condition.