Terror Management Theory is a psychological concept that describes the way individuals deal with death. The TMT explains how people react to the terror they experience. TMT gives insight into how people deal with mortality, and the impact this has on their behaviour. This paper will explore the TMT’s practicality in relation to a recent terrorist event.
TMT overview: TMT is theoretical framework that examines how people cope with being aware of their mortality. TMT says that people are always aware of the fact they will die, and their awareness causes them anxiety and distress. This theory proposes that people use different ways to manage their anxiety. These include cultural, social and personal factors.
A Selected Terror Act: For this article, the terror act chosen is Christchurch’s mosque shooting of March 15, 2019 in New Zealand. A white supremacist was responsible for the shooting, which targeted two mosques in New Zealand and resulted in 51 deaths.
TMT application: TMT could be used to study the Christchurch shootings to determine how the survivors coped with the trauma and moved on. According to this theory, people use cultural and social influences to manage anxiety and stress related with mortality. As a result of the incident, the survivors may have used their religious and cultural beliefs to deal with the stress of the situation.
Influence Factors: Cognitive, social, intellectual, and cultural conditions can influence perceptions about death and survival. Cognitive factors are beliefs and attitudes about death and mortality. In addition to the social and cultural influences, there are also factors such as family support and friendship. Intellectual conditions, such as level of education, can also influence individuals’ perceptions of death and survival.
This is important because it can affect the behavioral health of survivors. According to studies, cultural and religious values can have a positive impact on the mental well-being of survivors following traumatic events. Social support from family members and friends is also important in helping survivors to maintain their psychological health.
TMT and Other Theories Comparison: TMT is only one theory that attempts to explain survivors’ thoughts and behaviors after terror events. Conservation of Resources Theory (COR) is another theory that suggests individuals will use their own resources to cope. TMT may be more applicable in this instance because it incorporates social and cultural factors that are important in understanding how survivors cope with a terrorist event.
The TMT provides a framework to understand the recovery and coping of Christchurch shooting survivors. The theory stresses the importance of cultural, social and psychological factors when coping with stress and anxiety associated with death. To understand the impact of disaster behavior health on survivors’ cognitive, social and cultural conditions, it is important to examine their mental, emotional, intellectual, and physical condition. TMT fits this scenario better than other theories because it incorporates cultural and sociological factors.