It is used as a tool to help formulate questions and problems in clinical research. It is an acronym for:
- Patients, populations, or problems of interest
- The question of whether to consider intervention or exposure
- Compare interest rates
- The outcome of interest
- A: Type of study or timeframe
By using PICOT healthcare professionals are able to create a focused and clear research question, or problem statement. This can guide them in selecting appropriate research designs and methods, allowing for the most evidence-based practices.