- The term infectious and communicable disease refers to diseases caused by pathogens. It can be transmitted from one individual to another.
These diseases can be transmitted by physical contact, airborne droplets or other means. The diseases range in severity from mild infections such as the common cold, to more serious illnesses such as tuberculosis.
The presence of pathogens in the body is what causes infectious diseases. They can spread from one person to another, or they can come from contaminated water and food. Food poisoning, Lyme Disease, and Hepatitis A are all examples of infectious diseases.
Infectious and communicable illnesses share a commonality in the fact that they are both caused by pathogens. The main difference is in the way they are transmitted.
Some examples of infectious diseases are:
- Influenza (flu)
- Tuberculosis (TB)
Infectious diseases can include the following:
- Hepatitis A
- Lyme disease
- Food poisoning
- In the US, vaccination requirements differ by state. However, all have passed laws that mandate certain vaccines to be administered to children who attend school. Some states have also passed laws requiring adults who work in specific settings such as hospitals to be immunized against specific diseases.
Vaccines prevent infectious and communicable diseases. The measles (or MMR), a highly contagious virus, is protected by the MMR vaccine. The polio vaccination helps to prevent the spreading of the virus that can lead to paralysis or death.
- There is no “typical” STI (sexually transmitted infection) patient because STIs can affect anyone who is sexually active, regardless of their age, gender, race, or sexual orientation.
STIs increase the likelihood of HIV transmission, because they cause genital lesions or other symptoms which make the HIV virus more likely to infect the body. STIs may also cause immune system weakness or inflammation, increasing the likelihood of HIV transmission.
- Prep, also known as Truvada (Truvada), is used to prevent HIV transmission. Truvada is the combination of Emtricitabine (emtricitabine) and Tenofovir (tenofovir), which work together to reduce the viral load in the blood and stop the virus from reproducing.
Truvada is effective in preventing communicable diseases and infections.
- This is an effective method of preventing the spread of HIV.
- You only need one pill per dose.
- The drug has an excellent safety profile with very few side-effects.
Truvada is not recommended for prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
- The cost is high, and certain insurance policies might not cover this treatment.
- Truvada does not cure HIV. It’s important to practice safe sex in order to reduce the risk of spreading other STDs.
- Side effects can include kidney disease or a decrease in bone mass.