Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to healthcare which uses the latest evidence from clinical practice, research and patient preference in order to make decisions. The best data is used to guide decisions on diagnosis and treatments for patients. The process also includes continuous quality improvements, including the collection of patient outcome data and the adjustment of protocols to provide optimal care. EBP emphasizes safety and quality, focusing on both reducing errors and improving the patient experience.
It is important to focus on providing personalized care that is based on the best evidence, rather than relying on intuition or tradition. This can result in treatments which are not effective and may even pose dangerous risks. For this to happen, practitioners will need to know how they can identify and evaluate reliable information sources, analyze the data critically, apply findings in their setting in practical ways, track outcomes in time, for sustainability reasons, as well as actively participate in continuing education. It is a methodical approach to clinical decision-making that relies on data collected from various sources. This helps clinicians bridge the divide between real-world application and research theory.