It is essential that healthcare providers understand the differences between cultural and sociocultural groups in order to deliver effective care. This essay will examine the similarities and differences between Hispanic Americans, a cultural group in America, and low-income Americans as a socio-cultural group.
Hispanic Americans come from a variety of countries, including Mexico, Central America and South America. Many Hispanic Americans have strong family and social ties and value interpersonal relationships. The importance of religion in Hispanic Americans’ lives, particularly Catholicism can not be overstated. Hispanic Americans tend to favor natural healing and healers. However, they may delay getting medical attention due to financial and language issues.
Low-income Americans may have a wide range of cultural backgrounds, but they all share the same experiences with financial difficulties and limited healthcare access. In addition to facing significant obstacles in accessing healthcare, they may also have higher rates of chronic conditions like diabetes or obesity. When it comes to health practices and behaviors, individuals with low incomes may be less aware of healthier lifestyle habits. They may also engage in unhealthy behaviors like smoking and eating a high-processed food diet.
Culture has a major influence on the health behavior of these two groups. Hispanic Americans, who may prefer natural remedies as part of their culture, may not be able to afford or have access to conventional medical care. The socioeconomic factors contributing to a lower income can also have a major impact on health behavior and outcomes regardless of culture.
To effectively meet the needs of these diverse groups, healthcare professionals may have to adapt their approach. Bilingual and bicultural healthcare professionals may be needed to help Hispanic Americans overcome language and culture barriers. A holistic care plan may include the consultation of traditional healers. Healthcare providers might need to focus on educating low-income patients and providing resources to encourage healthy lifestyles. They may also work with local organizations to tackle social determinants such as access to transportation and food insecurity.
The cultural and socioeconomic influences on health behavior and practice can be significant. These differences must be recognized by healthcare professionals, who should adapt their approach to meet the diverse needs of patients. Health care providers that adopt a culturally-competent and patient-centered strategy can reduce disparities in health and improve outcomes.