Nurse homework help | Nursing homework help
Geriatrics, Year 2021. Title of Article: Social Support and Physical Health among the Elderly. Author: Johnson R. M.
Study Purpose: This study was designed to investigate the relation between social support for older adults and their physical health. The purpose of the study was to investigate how different forms of social support, including emotional, informative, and tangible supports, affect physical health, like chronic illnesses and functional limitations. Data was collected through questionnaires and physical measurements from an older sample living in the community.
Researchers conducted a study using a cross sectional design to collect data on 1,000 elderly adults in their community. Participants filled out a questionnaire on social support as well as an examination which included measurements of chronic illnesses and functional limitations. Data was analysed using regression to determine the correlation between physical health and social support.
Value and Importance: According to the study, emotional support is positively related with outcomes in physical health. Informational support and tangible support are not associated significantly with physical health. The study highlights that emotional support is important in the promotion of physical health among older adults. This study contributes also to understanding the relationship between physical health and social support, and specifically the role that emotional support plays in this relationship.
Bias, or other shortcomings: A cross-sectional study design limits the ability of establishing causality. In addition, this study used self-reported data on social support and health that may have bias.
Study findings: Emotional support was positively associated with the physical health of older adults. This study highlights emotional support as a means of promoting the health of older people and the evidence that emotional support can play a role in improving their physical health.
This study provides evidence that physical health is a problem among older adults. It also highlights the importance and value of emotional support for promoting health. The research can be valuable to a healthcare professional specializing on gerontology. It provides important information regarding the importance of emotional supports in promoting the health of older adults.
Journal: Journal of Gerontology Year: 2020 Journal of Gerontology Year 2020
Study Purpose: The study’s main objective was to assess the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in preventing chronic disease among older adults. The purpose of the study was to determine whether different lifestyle interventions like physical activity, diet and smoking cessation are effective in preventing chronic illnesses in older adults. The systematic review method was used to include studies from the past 10 year.
This study was a systematic literature review on lifestyle interventions to prevent chronic diseases among older adults. Multiple databases were searched and studies from the last ten years included. Data was analysed to determine the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for preventing chronic disease in older adults.
Value and Importance: This study showed that lifestyle interventions like physical activity, dietary changes, and the cessation of smoking are effective for preventing chronic illnesses in older adults. This study presents a thorough overview of evidence supporting lifestyle interventions to prevent chronic diseases among older adults. It also highlights the significance of lifestyle modifications in improving health for this population.
Bias, or shortcoming: This study was based on observational studies that may have been biased. The study failed to evaluate the impact of lifestyle intervention on chronic diseases among older adults.
Conclusions: This study concluded that lifestyle interventions such as diet, physical activity and quitting smoking are effective at preventing chronic disease in older adults. This study shows the value of lifestyle modifications in improving health and preventing chronic disease in older adults.
Summary: The research provides evidence that chronic diseases are a problem for older adults. It also highlights the role of lifestyle changes in the prevention of these diseases. The research can be valuable to a healthcare professional specializing on gerontology. This study provides information about the efficacy of lifestyle interventions for older adults in terms of promoting their health, preventing chronic disease, and encouraging them to change their lifestyle.