What is the equity principal-agent dilemma?
This problem is often referred to as the agency theory. It occurs when one party delegating tasks or decisions to another. It is common for equity contracts to involve the transfer of rights of ownership and obligations from one party to another. In such arrangements, it is important for there to be clarity regarding each individual’s roles, responsibilities and rewards so that the risk associated with any misalignment of interests is minimized .
In particular , when it comes to equity contracts, this problem arises from the potential conflict between shareholders’ objectives and those of management who are typically responsible for overseeing company operations. In this way, investors worry that the managers will act against their best interests instead of maximizing shareholder value. For organizations to be able to respond effectively, they must implement effective governance systems that promote transparency as well as provide incentives so all stakeholders work together in order for the desired outcome.