2. The Investigation Team should be activated: This step involves assembling a team of experts from various fields, such as laboratory science, epidemiology and medical care.
3. Data collection on suspected cases is required to identify the illness in terms of symptoms, severity and distribution.
4. Describe the Epidemic Curve: In this step, we examine how many new cases occurred over time.
5. Describing Epidemic Curve Location: Determines if cases are locally or widely distributed by examining where they occur.
6. Find Common Exposures in Cases: This will help you narrow down the possible source of an infection by identifying any exposures that are common amongst those who have been affected.
7. Specimen Collection & Analysis from Patients/Environment/Animals/Foods: Taking specimens from patients and other potential sources is necessary for lab testing which can provide important clues about what pathogen might be causing it.
8. Hypothesis Generation & Testing: The investigation team should generate hypotheses based on the data collected so far and then test them using statistical analysis methods or through other means such as interviews with those affected.
9. Communication & Control Measures Implementation: If a source is identified then communication strategies should be used to inform people about it while control measures like quarantine or vaccination programs may need to be implemented.
10. Evaluation & Feedback Loop Implementation: It is important that all activities conducted during the course of this investigation are evaluated in order to identify areas for improvement moving forward which can then be incorporated into future investigations via a feedback loop system