Business & Finance Homework Help: Evaluating internal control| Business & Finance homework help
According to Generally Accepted Auditing Standards, the understanding of internal controls for a company is different from that of a privately owned entity. Due to their public status, publicly-traded companies face increased scrutiny and must follow stricter guidelines for the implementation and design of internal control systems.
For instance, public companies must be compliant with Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) which includes provisions such as implementing strong oversight & monitoring procedures for top financial positions , establishing controls over financial reporting , separating responsibilities between accounting & audit functions within the organization . This helps ensure accurate disclosure & prevent insider trading activities . The regulations require greater transparency than what a private company would need.
In addition, public companies have more stringent requirements when it comes to documentation such as creating proper records or reports detailing all transactions ; filing periodic disclosures outlining changes in financial condition ; presenting information fairly & accurately ; providing investors with detailed explanations of any significant findings discovered through their external audits etc. All this serves not only to protect shareholders but also help maintain market confidence in the company’s operations.
Ultimately, while both public & private entities need robust internal control systems in place – due to the heightened risk associated with investing in public companies they are subject to different standards which must be met in order remain compliant.