It is clear that health care reforms have played an important part in changing the emphasis of our healthcare system, which was previously centered on the treatment of diseases. Now it is more focused on wellness and preventative care. Health care reforms have placed a greater focus on value-based health care. This rewards healthcare providers who help patients avoid expensive hospitalizations and stay healthy.
Technology is one way that health care continues to move towards prevention and wellness. Wearables such as smartwatches and fitness trackers can be used to monitor health status and encourage positive lifestyle modifications. Telehealth services allow patients to get preventive health care as well as receive education about their own health without leaving home.
The nursing profession plays a vital role in supporting this transition towards prevention and wellness. The nurses are the primary contact with patients who seek care. Nurses can educate and provide resources for maintaining good health. Nurses are also able to work together with other healthcare professionals to implement and develop wellness and prevention programs such as workplace and community wellness programs.
A diabetes prevention program is one example of an initiative to promote wellness and prevent disease in my speciality area. The program offers education and resources that help patients adopt positive lifestyles, like eating healthy and exercising regularly, in order to avoid the development of Type 2 Diabetes. The program also provides support and regular follow-up to ensure that patients are able to maintain their lifestyle changes.