All age groups are affected by the pathophysiological causes of chronic and acute diseases. For instance, genetic predisposition is a major factor that can increase one’s chances of developing certain conditions—often due to mutations in genes responsible for regulating cell growth or metabolism. In addition, smoking and not exercising can increase the risk of certain illnesses.
Environmental elements such as pollutants or hazardous materials can also have an effect by introducing harmful substances into a person’s body which can then lead to various medical issues. Finally, it is important to consider biological elements such as hormones or immune responses. They can influence an individual’s reaction to various stimuli that could cause a number of symptoms. When assessing patients, all of these factors must be taken into consideration so the appropriate treatment can be prescribed for their needs.