Geopolitical, phenomenological, and other factors are crucial in determining the assessment or intervention context for a particular population. Geopolitical influences are political, social, and economic forces which shape communities, including government policies and laws. The subjective experiences of an individual within a particular community are referred to as phenomenological elements. These include their attitudes, beliefs and values towards healthcare and health.
When conducting a population or community assessment, it is essential to consider these factors to gain a comprehensive understanding of the community’s health needs and potential barriers to accessing care. A community in a conflict-torn area may not have access to health care services because of infrastructure damage or a lack of resources. A community suffering from high levels of poverty may have difficulty accessing nutritious food or paying for preventative health care.
Nursing process can be a useful tool for identifying and addressing health concerns in communities or population. The five steps of the nursing process are: assessment, diagnostics, planning, implementation and evaluation.
During the assessment phase, nurses collect data on the community’s health status, including health indicators such as morbidity and mortality rates, environmental factors, and community resources. Based on the information collected during the evaluation phase, the diagnosis phase identifies the problems and health needs in the community.
In the initial planning phase, nursing professionals work with stakeholders in the community, including local leaders, healthcare providers, and other health care workers, to formulate a plan for action that meets the identified medical needs. The plan identifies screenings and recommendations for the local community.
Implementation involves the execution of the action plan, including providing health education, screening health, or referring members of your community to healthcare professionals.
The evaluation phase is where nurses evaluate the impact of the intervention and adapt the plan accordingly to better improve the health outcome.
Conclusion: In the context of community or population assessments, geopolitical factors and phenomenological aspects play a significant role. Nursing can help nurses identify the health challenges and needs of communities, or develop the appropriate interventions to address them.