In the case of respiratory alkalosis interventions can include decreasing levels of inspiratory oxygen pressure (FiO2) or fractional inspired oxygen, as well as supplementing oxygen in cases where hypoxemia exists. Beta agonists, anticholinergics, and other pharmacotherapeutics may be prescribed to help reduce bronchoconstriction. This can improve ventilation.
In terms of environmental and nutritional interventions, it is important to address any underlying issues that could be contributing to a patient’s condition such as smoking cessation or improved nutrition. Stress reduction techniques and lifestyle changes such as adequate sleep or exercise may also be helpful. Proper hydration will also optimize the pulmonary functions of this patient. Therefore, it is recommended that they drink plenty of water.