Scientists are interested in how genetics can influence the development and progression of disorders such as schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder. Genetic mutations have been shown to cause neuronal disorders that can result in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. In particular, a mutation known as DISC1 is associated with increased schizophrenia risk due to the gene’s involvement in regulating neurons migration and connectivity in brain development.
Moreover, alterations in brain functioning have also been correlated with these disorders—such as imbalances in neurotransmitters or structural changes within certain regions—which can further complicate the manifestation and treatment of them. In researching the genetic changes that affect neuron function and production, researchers may have a greater understanding of what leads to mental disorders. They could also discover better treatments for these illnesses.