Week 11: Nursing Role and Scope
A patient-centered approach to healthcare is one that places the patients’ needs, preferences, and values at its center. It places the patient in the middle of the process, and includes them as a decision maker. Here are characteristics and importance of patient-centered health care:
- Respect for patients’ values, preferences, and expressed needs: Patients have unique values and preferences that must be considered in their care. To ensure their needs are met, it is important to involve patients in the care planning process and respect their choices.
- Coordinating and integrating care is essential to delivering coordinated and integrated healthcare. It ensures patients get the best care, at the correct time, in the appropriate place.
- Education and information: Patients must be given accurate, understandable and comprehensive information regarding their conditions, treatments and plans of care. In order to help patients make educated decisions, it’s important to provide them with accurate information about their condition and treatment options.
- Physical comfort: Patient-centered care also involves addressing patients’ physical needs, such as pain management and comfort measures, to improve their overall well-being.
- Supporting patients emotionally and reducing anxiety and fear: Health care providers must also give priority to providing emotional support for their patients, as well as to the families of those who are ill or undergoing treatment. This will help to reduce anxiety and fear.
- Family and Friends: It is in the best interest of patients to have their friends and family involved with their care. Involving them in care and supporting their needs is essential.
These characteristics are important because they lead to improved health outcomes, patient satisfaction and quality of life. Patient-centered patients are more likely than others to stick to their treatment plans, communicate better with their doctors, and have fewer readmissions to the hospital. In the end, providing compassionate, high-quality care that is tailored to each individual patient requires patient-centered healthcare.