DNR is a medical ordering that says that someone should not be revived if their heart or breathing stops. DNR orders are meant to let a dying person die without prolonging suffering.
There are a number of ethical factors to take into consideration when making decisions on DNR. The autonomy of the individual patient is a major ethical issue, since the patient has a right to decide on their medical treatment. In this sense, the patient’s wishes and preferences should be respected, as long as they are considered to have capacity to make decisions.
A second ethical principle is beneficretion. This states that doctors have an obligation to act in their patient’s best interest. In the context of DNR orders, this means that medical professionals must consider the patient’s quality of life, prognosis, and any potential harm that resuscitation might cause.
DNR orders are seen from a utilitarian point of view as helping to promote the greater good, since they prevent suffering, and can prolong the dying process. From a deontological perspective, the principle of respect for autonomy would dictate that the patient’s wishes should be respected, while the principle of non-maleficence would suggest that medical professionals should not cause harm to their patients.
The advancements of medical technology in health care have allowed people to live longer, raising ethical concerns about the appropriateness of withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. The use of artificial tubes or ventilators, for example, can cause unnecessarily painful suffering.
Social technologies such as blogs, online encyclopedias, crowdfunding and wikis are useful for providing information on DNR orders, including the ethical issues surrounding them. The technologies are also useful for raising awareness on end-of-life issues and supporting patients and their families when faced with difficult DNR decisions.
It is essential to follow ethical principles when using these technologies. These include informed consent, privacy protection, and accuracy. These technologies, from a utilitarian point of view, can be utilized to provide accurate and easily accessible information regarding DNR orders. Deontologically, respecting autonomy dictates that patients have accurate information to make an informed decision about their health care. The principle of nonmaleficence suggests that the information presented should not be harmful or cause distress to the patient or family.
Conclusion: DNR orders is a sensitive and complex topic, which requires careful consideration both of patient autonomy as well as medical discretion. In making DNR order decisions, it is important to consider ethical issues, such as informed consent and respecting privacy. Also, the latest medical advances and use of social media technologies should be considered when making decisions about DNR orders.