Child vs Adult Assesments| Nursing homework help
In terms of physical evaluation, there are some similarities and some differences. Children may be at different stages of development and have a different anatomy from adults. Children may also have different communication styles and require a specific approach to assessment. Here are some of the similarities and differences that exist between physical evaluations for children and adults.
- All body systems must be assessed thoroughly by both children and adults, including vitals signs, heartbeats, lung sounds and abdominal assessment.
- During the assessment, nurses should prioritize safety, privacy and comfort of patients.
- Both children and adults can benefit from the use of equipment like stethoscopes.
- It is possible that children are less cooperative during assessment and need to be engaged in a different way.
- Children may require a different technique for physical examination, such as auscultating the lungs while the child is sitting on a parent’s lap.
- If the child is unable to speak, the nurse will need to explain their assessment using other means of communication such as toys or pictures.
- You can use growth charts or milestone charts to measure the growth of your child.
In order to assess a child’s needs, an nurse should give simple and clear instructions. This applies both to the child and caregiver. The nurse should also adapt communication to the child’s developmental level, using age-appropriate language and visual aids, if needed. The nurse may use games or toys to distract the child and encourage their engagement. In order to ensure the safety and comfort of the child, it is important that the nurse establishes trust and rapport both with the child’s caregiver and child.
Summary: While physical assessments of adults and children share some similarities, they also have significant differences. Nurses must adapt their approach to the child’s developmental level and communication skills to ensure a thorough assessment. In addition, she should use games and toys to engage the child in their care and foster trust.