The following is a brief introduction to the topic:
Understanding the needs and values of elderly people is crucial to providing them with the right care. This article presents an evaluation of an older person who is 70 years old, lives independently, and does not have any medical histories. The assessment includes a physical and mental functional assessment and the use of several assessment tools to determine the person’s balance and gait, activities of daily living (ADLs), home safety, and overall functional status. After comparing and contrasting the findings with those identified by the reading assignments, three changes in health are suggested, as well as three interventions to address each issue. Finaly, the plan integrates personal cultural competence and awareness into both assessment and intervention.
Results of Interviews
John is 70 years old and lives by himself in his own house. John has retired. He spends the day gardening, making small repairs around his home, and reading. John is from the Midwest, but has been living in this city for more than 40 years. John believes in independence, self sufficiency, and honesty. He believes in hard work and taking responsibility for one’s actions. John values his family and enjoys time spent with them.
The Physical and Mental Function Assessment
John was assessed physically and revealed to have normal vitals signs. There were no notable medical histories, nor any mobility or sensory issues. John was found to be in a happy mood and have no cognitive problems.
John has a good gait and balance, as he scored 26 points out of 28. Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL): John received a score of 6 out of 6. This indicates that John has no difficulties with ADLs. Assessment of Home Safety: John’s home was assessed for safety, and no significant hazards were found. John’s Barthel Index score was 100. This indicates that John is completely independent with all ADLs.
Compare with Reading Assignment
John’s assessment results were consistent with age-related changes identified in the reading assignment. The reading assignment states that balance and gait are affected by aging, but John’s score on the Tinetti Balance and Gait Evaluation was good, indicating that he does not have significant issues with mobility. Similarly, the reading assignment notes that ADLs can become more difficult with aging, but John’s score on the Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living was perfect, indicating that he has no difficulty with ADLs. The reading assignment also highlights the importance of home safety for elderly persons, and John’s home was assessed and found to be safe. John’s home was assessed and found to be safe.
Changes and interventions proposed in health
Although John’s assessment results were generally positive, three potential health alterations were identified based on his age and personal history. The health changes include:
- John has a small social circle and lives alone. Social isolation can negatively impact mental health. This issue can be addressed by joining a community center or a senior center in your area, volunteering, and joining a social group.
- Nutritional deficiencies: John’s diet was not assessed during the interview, but it is possible that he is not getting adequate nutrition. The increased risk of malnutrition in older adults is due to several factors including reduced appetite, changes of taste and smell and medication interaction. Nutritionist consultations, regular dietary assessment, and use of vitamins and minerals could be helpful.