In applying the four principles of biomedical ethics (autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice) to the case study “Healing and Autonomy,” it is important to consider how these ethical principles affect both the patient and medical practitioner. In the case of autonomy, a patient can choose their treatment option. This should be respected and they must receive adequate information on their health condition along with any potential risks. Beneficence requires clinicians to act in the best interest of patients by performing interventions which have been proven effective or provide at least some benefit in improving a patient’s quality of life. Non-maleficence is the act of doing no harm. This includes not performing potentially harmful procedures or treatments, and minimizing pain and discomfort. Final justice is a distribution of resources that ensures all patients are treated equally, regardless their economic or social background.