PMHNPs must collect a complete patient history and conduct an in-depth mental state exam. They should also use tools that are evidence based to help diagnose mood disorders. DSM-5 can help diagnose mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder and persistent depression. It is also important to take into account medical and psychiatric complications and rule out any other causes for symptoms, such as side effects of medication, drug use or medical conditions.
Treatment for mood disorders can include psychotherapy or pharmacotherapy. These medications, such as mood stabilizers or antidepressants, can help manage symptoms and enhance daily functioning. Psychotherapies based on evidence, such as dialectical behaviour therapy, cognitive-behavioral treatment, and interpersonal therapy are also effective at managing symptoms.
The PMHNP should monitor their patients and make adjustments to the treatment plan as necessary based on symptoms severity, treatment response, and side effects. In addition, the PMHNP should address potential barriers for treatment adherence. They can also educate patients and families on the severity of mood disorders as well as the importance of adhering the prescribed treatment. PMHNPs are able to effectively treat mood disorders by using a comprehensive, evidence-based strategy.