Determination tree for neurological and musculoskeletal problems | NURS 6521 – Superior Pharmacology | Walden College
Neurological problems are situations that have an effect on the nervous system, together with the mind, spinal wire, and nerves. Signs of neurological problems can embody complications, dizziness, numbness or tingling within the extremities, muscle weak spot, and seizures. To evaluate a affected person with neurological signs, healthcare suppliers could carry out neurological exams, resembling assessing the affected person’s reflexes, muscle power, coordination, and sensation. Imaging checks, resembling CT scans and MRIs, may additionally be used to diagnose neurological problems.
Therapy for neurological problems is determined by the precise situation and should embody drugs, bodily remedy, occupational remedy, and surgical procedure. For instance, sufferers with epilepsy could also be prescribed anticonvulsant drugs to forestall seizures, whereas sufferers with Parkinson’s illness could also be prescribed drugs to extend dopamine ranges within the mind.
Musculoskeletal problems are situations that have an effect on the muscular tissues, bones, and joints. Signs of musculoskeletal problems can embody ache, stiffness, swelling, and restricted vary of movement. To evaluate a affected person with musculoskeletal signs, healthcare suppliers could carry out bodily exams, resembling assessing the affected person’s vary of movement and muscle power. Imaging checks, resembling X-rays and MRIs, may additionally be used to diagnose musculoskeletal problems.
Therapy for musculoskeletal problems could embody drugs, bodily remedy, occupational remedy, and surgical procedure. For instance, sufferers with osteoarthritis could also be prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs) to cut back ache and irritation, whereas sufferers with a fracture could require surgical procedure to realign the damaged bone.
General, assessing and treating sufferers with neurological and musculoskeletal problems requires an intensive understanding of the underlying situation and should contain a multidisciplinary method to care.