Case study week 7.
Constipation, as a NP student can be treated with a range of medications depending upon its severity and cause. In general, laxatives and other medications that increase the motion of stools through the intestines (by increasing water or by stimulating digestive contractions) are prescribed most frequently to treat constipation. Laxatives that form bulk, such as polycarbophil, methylcellulose and psyllium are commonly prescribed for milder constipation symptoms. It is thought that the larger stools will move through the digestive tract more quickly.
It is recommended to use stimulant laxatives, such as bisacodyl and senna for mild cases. These help increase the speed of transit within the large intestinal tract while also increasing the amount of water that the cells on the wall of the colon secrete.
On top of these medications, lifestyle modifications like increasing fluid intake and fiber consumption along with regular exercise have all been shown to improve overall GI health & reduce episodes of constipation when employed together. If symptoms persist after consistently taking medication & making necessary dietary/activity adjustments – then further assessment needs to take place in order determine any underlying medical conditions that may be causing obstruction such as anal fissures or inflammatory bowel diseases etc… In conclusion, a combination of prescription medications coupled with lifestyle changes can effectively treat constipation in most cases but must be done so under direct physician supervision for best outcomes