Title: Concept Analysis on Empowerment of Nursing
Introduction. Over the last few decades, empowerment has received a lot of attention from nursing professionals. The process of empowerment is the act of empowering individuals by providing them with tools, knowledge, and resources to improve their ability to control their own lives and make better decisions. The goal of this article is to perform a concept-analysis of empowerment as it relates to nursing theory.
Attributes. The attributes of empowerment are access to knowledge, education, making decisions, self efficacy, self determination, self management, control over one’s own health, and self-efficacy. Information about wellbeing and health is provided to those who need it. Patients and their families are educated about the management of their conditions and how to prevent them. Decision-making is the process of making informed choices about one’s health. The belief in one’s ability to effectively manage health is called self-efficacy. Self-determination is the process of taking charge of one’s life and making decisions about health. The ability to cope and manage health problems is called self-management. Control over personal health refers to the ability to manage one’s health effectively.
An antecedent to the empowerment concept was the acceptance of the value of patients’ involvement in their own health. Active patient involvement in health care is more likely to result in better outcomes.
Improving health outcomes is the result of empowerment. When patients are empowered to control their own health, they are more likely engage in positive behaviors, follow treatment plans and have a better health outcome.
Patient Engagement and Satisfaction are two empirical references to the concept of empowerment. A measure of how satisfied patients are with their health care is patient satisfaction. The level of patient engagement is the extent to which they are involved in their own care.
An example: A 45 year old woman who has type 2 diabetes, attends a program for diabetes education. The program teaches her about the importance of exercise, healthy diet, and medication adherence. She will learn how to check her blood glucose and to change her medications doses accordingly. Also, she is provided with self-management resources. She manages diabetes successfully and improves health outcomes.
Alternate Cases: An alternative case is a 60-year old man who has chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). He attends a program of pulmonary rehabiliation. The importance of proper breathing, medication compliance, and physical exercise is stressed. The patient is instructed on how to control his symptoms and avoid exacerbations. He manages COPD successfully and has improved health outcomes.
Case 2: A woman of 35 years old with breast cancer participates in a program for survivorship. She is educated on the importance to self-examinations, follow up appointments and healthy lifestyle choices. She receives resources for her mental wellbeing and learns how to deal with the side-effects of treatment. She manages to successfully treat her cancer, and has improved health outcomes.
Case 3: An older man of 50 years with hypertension enrolls in a program for hypertension management. The program teaches him the importance of adherence to medication, healthy lifestyles, and frequent blood pressure checks. He learns how to control his hypertension, and avoid complications. He is able to successfully control his hypertension, and has improved health outcomes.
In nursing, empowerment is a key concept. Empowerment is about providing the patient with all of the resources and information they need in order to improve their ability to control their lives. It also involves empowering them to make decisions which will positively affect their health. Empowerment includes access to knowledge, education, making decisions, self efficacy, self determination, control of personal health, and self management. Recognition of the value of patient participation in health is a prerequisite for empowerment.