To minimize and manage legal challenges, it is important to make sure that policies and procedures relating to EHR use are current and in compliance with federal and state regulations. Additionally, it is important for healthcare providers such as nurses to be knowledgeable about the laws governing privacy, security, data collection & storage etc., so they can proactively identify any potential areas of risk before an issue arises. In order to prove their innocence in the event of legal action, it is important that organizations educate staff on HIPAA and document any activities related to EHR use.
I personally have encountered many legal issues in my work as an Acute Care Nurse. This includes instances where the confidentiality of patients has been compromised due to inappropriate access or disclosures of data stored within the systems. In response, I worked with IT personnel and leadership staff at my institution in order review processes & policies regarding access privileges given out by administrators as well as conducting audits on user accounts regularly in order to identify any suspicious activity that might indicate unauthorized access was being attempted or had occurred priorly.